Somali Version: Halkan ka
akhri heshiiska oo Tarjuman
Article 39 of Ethiopia Constitution, adopted 8 December 1994
Rights of Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples
1. Every Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia has an unconditional right
toself-determination, including the right to secession.
2. Every Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia has the right to speak, to
writeand to develop its own language; to express, to develop and to promote its
culture;and to preserve its history.
3. Every Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia has the right to a full
measure ofself-government which includes the right to establish institutions of governmentin the territory that it inhabits and to equitable representation in state and
4. The right to self-determination, including secession, of every Nation,
Nationalityand People shall come into effect:
(a) When a demand for secession has been approved by a two-thirds majority ofthe members of the Legislative Council of the Nation, Nationality or Peopleconcerned;
(b) When the Federal Government has organized a referendum which must takeplace within three years from the time it received the concerned councilís
(c) When the demand for secession is supported by majority vote in thereferendum;
(d) When the Federal Government will have transferred its powers to the councilof the Nation, Nationality or People who has voted to secede; and
(e) When the division of assets is effected in a manner prescribed by law.
5. A "Nation, Nationality or People" for the purpose of this Constitution , is a
groupof people who have or share large measure of a common culture or similarcustoms, mutual intelligibility of language, belief in a common or relatedidentities, a common psychological make-up, and who inhabit an identifiable,predominantly contiguous territory.
Freedom of Movement
Any Ethiopian or foreign national lawfully in Ethiopia has, within the national
territory, the right to liberty of movement and freedom to choose his residence,
as well as the freedom to leave the country at any time he wishes to.
Any Ethiopian national has the right to return to his country.
Heshiiskii ay Ururka UWSLF iyo Dowladda Itoobiya
ay ku kala saxiixdeen Hotelka Ghion ee Magaalada Addis Ababa 29 July 2010 oo
Tajiman Halkan ka akhr
Sheikh Ibraahim iyo Dr. Shiferaw Teklemariam oo heshiiska ku kala saxiixday
Hotel Ghion ee magalada Addis Ababa
Qoraal la xiriira ka akhri HALKAN